1. Property protection requires 3 or more rows of shrubs and trees. Field protection can be obtained with 1-3 rows of shrubs and trees with proper design and protection.
2. Spacing between rows should be at least 4 feet wider than the cultivation equipment to be used, usually 12’ to 16’ for irrigated land and 20’ for dry land.
3. Spacing in the rows varies with the species. For small to medium shrubs - 2’ to 4’, tall shrubs - 4’ to 6’, small to medium trees - 8’ to 10’, medium to tall trees - 10’ to 14’, pines and spruce - 12’ to 14’, and junipers - 6’ to 8’. A tight row of deciduous shrubs on the windward side is desirable to trap snow in the windbreak.
4. The land should be cultivated and fallowed in the fall prior to planting the windbreak. Weed control of the planting is a must operation to maintain survival.
5. For lasting performance, better protection and greater aesthetic value, two or more rows should be evergreen species.
Although the species listed have proven adaptable to Wyoming conditions, each species may have limited adaptability to local soil types and conditions.
CARAGANA: Medium to tall shrub; grows well on sandy to loamy soils to 9,500’
COTONEASTER: Medium shrub; drought resistant; alkaline tolerant; high wildlife value.
CHOKECHERRY: Medium shrub, plant up to 8,000 feet. Preferred by a variety of wildlife species.
LILAC: Tall, one of the better shrubs for windbreak purposes, to 8,500 feet.
PLUMS: Tall shrub or short tree. Does well on moist soils (excluding alkali) up to 8,000 feet.
SUMAC: Small to medium shrub; excellent drought resistance; alkaline tolerant; plant to 8,000 feet.
SAND CHERRY: Small shrub; best on sandy to loamy soils; plant up to 7,500 feet.
SERVICEBERRY: Tall shrub with edible fruit and attractive flowers; for mountain sites up to 9,000’ elevation.
NANKING CHERRY: Medium and hardy, does well on most soils statewide. Edible fruit relished by wildlife; to 7,500 feet.
AMERICAN CRANBERRY BUSH: Medium to tall shrub, edible fruit, good wildlife species, prefers fertile loamy soils, well-drained sites with average moisture.
WOODS ROSE: Small shrub; high wildlife value; grows well on moist soil.
BUFFALOBERRY: Medium to tall shrub; drought resistant and tolerant of alkaline soils; good wildlife species.
WINTERBERRY: Large shrub or small tree; adapted to a variety of soil types; extracts of the species are toxic to insect pests. Good wildlife forage value.
GOLDEN CURRANT: Small to medium shrub, fairly drought and alkali tolerant. Good cover for small wildlife. Plant up to 8,000 feet.
RED OSIER DOGWOOD: Small to medium sized; tolerant of flooding; tolerant of cold; plant up to 8,000 feet.
GOLDEN CURRENT: Small shrub; high wildlife value; grows 5,000 to 11,500 feet.
ASPEN: Tall tree, poor drought resistance, hardy in cold temperatures, plant up to 11,000 feet.
BUR OAK: Medium to tall tree; hardy and drought resistant; tolerant of a wide range of soils; good food value for wildlife, to 7,000 feet.
COTTONWOOD NARROWLEAF: Tall, requires moist soils or in areas with supplemental water, above 6,000 feet.
COYOTE WILLOW: Medium height, requires moist soil, good wildlife value.
GOLDEN WILLOW: Medium to tall, plant same as cottonless cottonwood but up to 7,500 feet.
WEEPING WILLOW: These are awesome trees and pay off big in 10 years with flowing branches and beautiful golden bark color.
GREEN ASH: Medium to tall, on most soils, up to 8,000 feet.
HACKBERRY: Tall tree grows well in most soils; to 7,500 feet.
HONEYLOCUST: Medium to tall, on most soils in the plains.
BLACK LOCUST: Hardy tree that is more drought resistant than the honey locust.
LOMBARDY POPLAR: Medium to tall columnar tree, need permanent sub-irrigation, not recommended as a component row species in windbreak, up to 8,000 feet. Disease problems.
PONDEROSA PINE: Medium tree; up to 9,000 feet; tolerates alkaline soil, high wildlife value.
NATIVE WILLOW: Tall willows; elevation 4,500 to 9,000 feet; good for riparian areas.
PEACHLEAF WILLOW: Small to medium tree or large shrub, shade tolerant, tolerates alkaline soils.
SIBERIAN ELM: Tall and drought resistant, on most soils stateside below 6,500 feet.
PRINCETON ELM: Tall slender pyramidal forming tree. Drought and disease resistant. This is not an elm you are familiar with so give this one a chance.
AUSTRIAN PINE: Tall, on most soils of low pH up to 7,000 feet, a good windbreak tree.
BRISTLECONE PINE: Medium to tall tree, grows well on poor sites above 7,000 feet.
COLORADO BLUE SPRUCE: Tall, on moist soils but will grow on drier sites if watered for establishment, to 9,500 feet.
DOUGLAS FIR: Tall, on east and north slopes above 6,000 feet.
EASTERN RED CEDAR: Medium, on most soils in the plains below 6,000 feet; drought resistant when established, good windbreak species.
LIMBER PINE: Medium tall, drought tolerant native, very strong against wind: to 11,000’ elevation.
LODGEPOLE PINE: Tall, on most soils above 6,000 feet.
PEACHLEAF WILLOW: Medium-sized tree, shade tolerant, tolerates alkaline soils. Plant up to 7,500 feet.
PINION PINE: Medium tree, grows well and arid, droughty sites when established, to 7,500 feet.
PONDEROSA PINE: Tall, on most soils of low pH except heavy clay, up to 8,500 feet. One of the better windbreak trees. Slow for the first three (3) years.
ROCKY MT. JUNIPER: Medium tree, does well on most soils; 8,000 feet; drought resistant when established; excellent windbreak species.
SCOTCH PINE: Tall, on most soils of low pH and below 7,000 feet; not advisable for windbreaks because of brittleness and not winter hardy at maturity; good Christmas tree. Pine bore susceptibility.
WHITE SPRUCE: Drought tolerant tree that takes a wider variation of soils and conditions than any other spruce in Goshen County.