Environmentally sound practices help protect water quality.
To meet standards imposed in the 2003 Clean Water Act NRCS offers assistance to landowners meeting permitting requirements.
ANIMAL FEEDING OPERATION
An AFO is a lot or a facility where animals have been, are, or will be stabled or confined and fed or maintained for a total of 45 days or more in any 12-month period and where vegetation is not sustained in the confinement area during the normal growing season.
An operation must first meet the AFO definition before it can be considered a CAFO.
CONFINED ANIMAL FEEDING OPERATION
EPA defines a large CAFO as having 1,000 or more head.
A medium CAFO has 300 to 999 head and has a piped waste conveyance system or animals on site that come into direct contact with surface water in the confined area.
A small CAFO has less than 300 head and has been determined to have a significant source of pollutants.
LARGE RANGE OR PASTURE-BASED OPERATIONS ARE NOT AFO’S AND, THEREFORE, CANNOT BE CAFO’S, AS LONG AS ITS ANIMALS ARE NOT MAINTAINED IN CONFINEMENT.
Contact your local NRCS office